This exploratory project constitutes a nine chapter doctoral thesis which draws on the notion of Peacemaking Criminology to examine how differing approaches to internal immigration enforcement within Australia and Canada potentially impact enforcement outcomes (namely the rates of identification, arrest, detention, and removal).
Using the documentary research method in conjunction with three contemporary case studies, this thesis draws information and data from official government reports, statistics, and access to information/freedom of information requests to conduct its comparison of internal immigration enforcement in both nations.
Through the compilation of data specific to the enforcement outcomes for Australia and Canada between the years of 2003 through to the end of 2010, the thesis quantitatively assesses if one approach yields any discernable rate differences in enforcement outcomes when compared to the other.
Each area of internal immigration enforcement (identification, arrest, detention, and removal) has been afforded its own chapter, with the aim of allowing a more focused assessment and comparison. In addition to the quantitative assessment, three contemporary case studies have been included to provide a qualitative context of the quantitative results.
By using a mixed methods approach, the discussion sections of these chapters can be more reflective of the Australian and Canadian internal immigration enforcement realities.