by Carolyn Stevens
In the pre-internet, pre-“Cool Japan” era, Yoko Ono was arguably the most famous Japanese person outside of Japan – and she’s about to get more famous in Australia. Ono’s life and work is the subject of amajor retrospective that opens at Sydney’s Museum of Contemporary Art (MCA) today.
Refined but aggressive, simplistic yet startling, Yoko Ono is the Japanese artist, musician and peace activist who found worldwide fame in the 1960s and 1970s through her relationship with John Lennon. Despite her significant body of work, some of which is on display at the MCA in Sydney, she is best (or perhaps worst) known as the woman who broke up the Beatles.
Vestiges of Ono’s overseas fame are still seen when the Japanese press writes her name in syllabic script – as if her name is that of a foreign person and not the one her parents used to register her birth in Tokyo in 1933.
A contradictory public image
Born into an elite family during the war years, Ono experienced social privilege as well as poverty during her childhood in Tokyo. The contrast between her early years as a classmate of aristocrats at Gakushuin Academy and a war refugee in the 1940s may have created the many contradictory aspects of her public image.
Not everyone sees her art as complex, but all admit that her personality and her politics are. Yoko Ono’s life follows a narrative of great peaks and valleys.
As mentioned already, she came from privilege yet experienced great hardship as a child; as an adult, she married Beatle John Lennon, one of the most famous men in the world, was despised for her relationship with him, and then lost him in horrific circumstances.
At the start of her relationship with Lennon, much of the criticism levelled against Ono was racially motivated. But the colour of her skin was not the only mitigating factor. She did not conform to stereotypes of Japanese femininity in her behaviour or appearance.
Her multiple marriages (she was married to Japanese composer Toshi Ichiyanagi and American jazz musician Anthony Cox before Lennon), her screeching voice and fuzzy, unfashionable hairstyle didn’t fit with the modest manner and the gracious and harmonious tones with which well-bred Japanese women were supposed to speak.
Traditional stereotypes die hard
Today, foreigners tend to conflate traditional and contemporary Japanese femininity into a mash-up of geisha girl cum kawaii anime heroine but they don’t always know that women have always played pivotal roles in radical politics, since at least the Meiji era (1868-1912).
Long before John Lennon sang “I gotta ask you comrades and brothers/ how do you treat your own woman back home?” in his 1971 song Power to the People, Ono was challenging sexism around the world.
One notable example of her pre-Lennon work is Cut Piece, first staged in 1964, and performed around the world.
During this performance piece, audience members were instructed to cut off pieces of Ono’s clothing with scissors. How far would the audience members go to provoke a response from the artist? Sitting in silence, motionless, Ono made a blunt statement about art and gender.
She, as a potentially naked female body, could only shock the audience as much as they desired, forcing them to acknowledge the active role audiences play in marginalising feminist art.
Her collaborative work with Lennon was also a roller-coaster of highs and lows in the public eye. While their “bed-ins” in Amsterdam and Montreal in 1969 created some ripples, the enduring status of songs such as Give Peace a Chance and Imagine shows their politics have now been integrated into mainstream popular culture.
Unlike the bed-in theme Give Peace a Chance, and the seasonal Happy Xmas (War is Over), songs such as 1971’s Don’t Worry Kyoko (Mummy’s Only Looking For Her Hand in the Snow), were met with critical derision.
Even the most liberal Western audiences only wanted to see Yoko at John’s side rather than hear her voice expressing a mother’s agony over her daughter Kyoko’s disappearance in a custody battle with Tony Cox.
Over the years, criticism of Ono waned, likely in sympathy as she transitioned into her public role as the world’s most famous widow after John Lennon’s tragic death in 1980.
War is over
Ono’s work today focuses on preserving Lennon’s legacy of peace. Recently, she has also been involved with environmental activism. Her sensitivity to nature as well as her ability to cross cultural borders is evident in the video trailer for her exhibition at the Museum of Contemporary Art.
Video trailer for War Is Over! (If You Want It) at the Museum of Contemporary Art.
We see a eucalyptus tree against the Sydney Harbour, adorned with white paper tags that show handwritten messages about family, love, and politics.
Here, Ono integrates the Australian landscape with the Japanese spiritual practice of making wishes by writing a message on a piece of paper or wood and hanging it on a tree at a Shinto shrine or Buddhist temple (ema and tanzaku).
Her wish here, unchanged since the 1969 bed-in, remains the same: War is Over (If You Want It).
Professor Carolyn Stevens works in the Department of Japanese Studies at Monash University.
This article originally appeared on The Conversation.
War is over! (If You Want It), a retrospective of the works of Yoko Ono, runs at Sydney’s Museum of Contemporary Art from November 15 2013 to February 23, 2014.
Find out more:
Rikki Campbell, Master of Applied Linguistics graduate
Applied Linguistics is the study of how language is used and learned, and Monash graduate, … Continue reading Rikki Campbell, Master of Applied Linguistics graduate
Monash students Japan bound next year
A number of Japanese Studies students have been recognised in this year’s JENESYS awards – … Continue reading Monash students Japan bound next year
Arts students take off with New Colombo Plan scholarships
This week, four Monash University students have been named as prestigious New Colombo Plan Fellows, … Continue reading Arts students take off with New Colombo Plan scholarships
Godzilla, Wine and Video Games: Getting to know Monash researcher Jason Christopher Jones
Want to know how the Japanese language, wine, Godzilla and video games all tie in to being a researcher at Monash? Lecturer in Japanese studies, Jason Jones, tells us about his passion for ‘all things Japanese’, and about his research around the themes of cultural exchange and adaptation.
Japanese Studies Centre Seminar Series
The Japanese Studies Centre holds monthly seminar series and this year’s seminars are beginning next month. Here are some … Continue reading Japanese Studies Centre Seminar Series
Wheeler Centre Hot Desk Fellowship
The Wheeler Centre Hot Desk Fellowships, sponsored by the Readings Foundation, offer merging writers across … Continue reading Wheeler Centre Hot Desk Fellowship
New Colombo plan scholarships awarded to Monash language students
Monash language students have found success through the New Colombo Plan (NCP) scholarship program. … Continue reading New Colombo plan scholarships awarded to Monash language students
Sonic Japan Digital Respository Launch
The Japanese Studies Centre invites you to the launch of the Sonic Japan Digital Repository … Continue reading Sonic Japan Digital Respository Launch
Prof. Kayoko TAKEDA: Faculty Distinguished Visiting Scholar
LLCL’s Japanese Studies and Translation and Interpreting Studies will host a visit by Professor Takeda Kayoko, … Continue reading Prof. Kayoko TAKEDA: Faculty Distinguished Visiting Scholar
Japanese Studies Centre Postgraduate Seminar
Japanese Studies Centre Postgraduate Seminar 21 May, 2014 Wednesday 12- 2 pm Japanese Studies Centre … Continue reading Japanese Studies Centre Postgraduate Seminar
Photographs from 9 April Seminar: Securing Global Talent, A/Prof Nana Oishi
The Japanese Studies Centre was pleased to present this seminar in collaboration with MAI’s TransAsia … Continue reading Photographs from 9 April Seminar: Securing Global Talent, A/Prof Nana Oishi
New Double Master Degree with Kobe City University of Foreign Studies, Japan
Monash University and Kobe City University of Foreign Studies are pleased to announce a new … Continue reading New Double Master Degree with Kobe City University of Foreign Studies, Japan