On March 5, ABC2 aired I am a Girl. Rebecca Barry’s documentary introduced us to six young women from around the world. They hail from Cambodia, Cameroon, Afghanistan, Papua New Guinea, the USA and Australia.
The doco features girls such as Kimsey, a 14-year-old sex worker who supports her entire family, and Katie, a wealthy, middle-class student getting ready for exams. Their lives may be different but they all share a common dilemma: they live in a world where it’s dangerous to be a girl.
When it comes to girls and media, 2014 looks like a refreshing change from Miley-obsessed 2013.
But funnily enough, I am a Girl helps us understand the hoo-hah over Mouseketeer twerking. How? By reminding audiences of the feminist media scholarship of the 1970s. It was on the money then, and it still is now.
I am a Girl’s premise is that technological and social advances have not produced gender equality. Too many girls are murdered, assaulted and exploited because of their gender. Their resilience and ingenuity simply underlines the need for systematic intervention.
Ironically, it’s the courage and wit of ordinary girls that masks the grinding evil of gender oppression. If you want to think about girls, media and reality, think Malala Yousafzai, not Miley Cyrus.
Barry’s work reflects the influence of British 1970s feminist media research.
Back then, a collective called the Women’s Study Group at Birmingham University argued that any effort to understand the significance of how girls are depicted in the media had to start with an analysis of their social and physical experience. They argued that debates over the liberating or oppressing qualities of onscreen images had to connect with simple political facts: for example, that in the post-war period, social policy wanted women to stay at home and reproduce.
In other words, ideological battles weren’t just being fought on screen: they were being written on women’s bodies.
Are things getting better for girls?
Cultural theorist Angela McRobbie is a key figure here. In recent years, she’s argued that time has only deepened the essential problems with the media. Back in the 70s, media offered girls little to aspire to; they were either invisible, victims or dogsbodies.
Now, things are arguably worse – because they are cosmetically better. Today’s screens are full of girls who can do anything. The real world is full of others who can’t, because they shoulder the burden of economic and social exploitation.
According to McRobbie, thinking about real and media girls means remembering two things.
First, being smart and sassy doesn’t solve anything. Second, because this is true for most girls in most parts of the world, it’s vital to think about how gender inequality is powerful because it acclimatises to different circumstances.
Which is precisely I am a Girl’s point.
There isn’t so much difference between Kimsey, the Cambodian sex worker and Katie, the Australian schoolgirl battling depression against in a world of impossible demands. The documentary doesn’t just open eyes to places that aren’t like the one that viewers live in. It also invites us to consider what these worlds share. Perhaps that is its strongest feature.
The lessons take last year’s controversies about Miley Cyrus in new directions. According to this logic, there’s no contradiction between the arguments that the incident that propelled “twerking” into the Oxford English Dictionary dramatised the inherent sexual exploitation of media industries, versus the counter that it was a feisty piss-take.
The world is full of feisty girls who know what time it is. It’s just that this changes less than we might imagine.
The genius of I am a Girl is that it doesn’t just teach us about a world that we don’t see. It also sheds new light on the media world that we do see.
I am a Girl screens on ABC2 at 8.35pm tonight. Details here.
This story first appeared in The Conversation
The Monash Media Lab: a great place to learn
Monash Media, Film and Journalism’s Head of School Associate Professor Mia Lindgren and TV presenter and academic, Waleed Aly, talk about what makes the Monash Media Lab so important for students.
Monash journalism researchers win JERAA grants
Monash University’s journalism researchers have been awarded all research grants and scholarly prizes offered by the Journalism Education and Research Association Australia (JERAA).
Ruddock launches Youth and Media book in Serbia
Monash University’s senior lecturer in communications & media Studies, Dr Andy Ruddock, recently launched the Serbian version of his book, Youth and Media.
Waleed Aly launches the Monash Media Lab
Monash academic and media presenter Waleed Aly officially launched the Monash Media Lab on Thursday, April 7, before the Monash community and special guests.
Monash University launches innovative media lab
A state-of-the-art media lab will be officially launched at Monash University’s Caulfield campus on April 7. Waleed Aly, well-known journalist and Monash University academic, will launch the lab, which is part of the Faculty of Arts’ School of Media, Film and Journalism.
Monash students recognised in trust awards
Three Monash journalism students have been named successful recipients of the 2016 Herb Thomas Memorial Trust Award.
Annika wins two Quills for Choppergate scandal
Monash journalism alumna Annika Smethurst has won two 2015 Victorian Quill Awards for her outstanding work on the “Choppergate” scandal.
Monash student & graduates named Quill finalists
Monash student Jack Paynter is among an impressive list of journalists who are finalists in the 2015 Victorian Quill Awards, including Ashley Argoon (pictured left), Annika Smethurst, Therese Allaoui, Brendan Casey and Danny Tran.
Shona has a blast promoting the dairy industry
Master of Journalism graduate Shona McPherson has a fantastic job as the media officer of the Australian Dairy Farmers. Shona is passionate about promoting and protecting the dairy farmers’ industry.
James dreams of a life in the fast lane
Journalism graduate James Wong is keen to live a life in the fast lane. James’s dream job is working on a show like Top Gear because of his great love of cars.
Monash Media Lab opens for semester one
A new multi-million dollar media centre is now available to Monash University’s School of Media, Film and Journalism students for semester 1, 2016.
Fenella strikes a chord in entertainment industry
Monash journalism alumna Fenella Wagener has maintained her promising singing career while working as a producer for Channel Nine’s Today Show.