The Tiger from Tjampa – Harimau Tjampa
|Director : D. Djayakusuma
Producer : D. Djayakusuma
Screenplay : Alwi Dahlan
Cinematography : Max Tera
Editing : Sumardjono
Production Design : Ali Akbar
Sound : E. Sambas
Cast : Bambang Hermanto, Nurnaningsih, Titi Savitri, Raden Ismail
Production Company : Perfini
Original Format : 35mm, Black and White, 97 mins
Print Source : Sinematek Indonesia
Format : DVD in PAL format
Filmed largely on location in 1953 in villages in West Sumatra (the region of the matrilineal Minangkabau people) Djayakusuma’s The Tiger from Tjampa is still highly regarded today in Indonesia as an early fine portrayal in a fiction film of aspects of a traditional regional culture.
Set in the 1930s, and narrated like a ballad from the past, The Tiger from Tjampa tells of how a young man, Lukman, seeks to avenge his father’s murder by learning pencak silat, a traditional form of self defence, based on the movements of animals. The pencak silat seen in the film is regionally specific to West Sumatra. Silat in many other Indonesian films is often mixed with the kung fu of Hong Kong cinema.
The Tiger from Tjampa is exceptional in its evocation of a unique region and milieu. Apart from some of the main actors, almost everything in the film is from West Sumatra. All the film’s quite varied music is from West Sumatra, and so are its dances. In its dialogue the film strikingly uses ‘peribahasa’ – maxims and proverbs handed down for generations with in the oral culture – with their characteristic lilting Minangkabau rhythms. As well, the film displays the intense spirit of community that underlies educational practises in an oral culture.
The Tiger from Tjampa is by no means simply a story of revenge, but is really an exploration of the practise and philosophical bases of pencak silat, and its relation to Islamic values. Lukman is repeatedly shown to be intemperate, and easily provoked. Besides learning silat, Lukman must also learn perseverance and self restraint. He must learn to “tunggu sabar” i.e remain patient. Harimau Tjampa contains numerous scenes of students practising pencak silat (with lessons conducted by a famous master, who appears in the film) and scenes of combat.
Djayakusuma, who took this project over from Usmar Ismail, is remembered in Indonesia as one of the first to make feature films in regional areas, after the coming of independence. Both as a filmmaker, and as a teacher at the Jakarta Institute of the Arts, Djayakusuma’s advocacy for a cinema engaging with the regions influenced younger generations of directors to follow his example, among those being Slamet Rahardjo and Garin Nugroho.
Technical Limitations of Surviving Material
Only a few shots early in the surviving prints of this film suffer from loss of visual quality due to negative deterioration. The print on which the video is based is subtitled throughout. At a few points the spotting of the English subtitles on the print could have been improved.
“From Asia Literacy to Australia Literacy” successfully started
The inaugural seminar of the new public seminar series, From Asia Literacy to Australia Literacy, … Continue reading “From Asia Literacy to Australia Literacy” successfully started
2003. Three Documentaries about Aceh by Aryo Danusiri
Three Documentaries about Aceh by Aryo Danusiri The Village Goat Takes the Beating (1999) (47 mins) … Continue reading 2003. Three Documentaries about Aceh by Aryo Danusiri
2002. Indonesia at the margins: Political documentaries and essay films
Indonesia at the margins: Political documentaries and essay films by Garin Nugroho (1991–2002) The Collection … Continue reading 2002. Indonesia at the margins: Political documentaries and essay films
2001. Ada Apa Dengan Cinta? – What’s Up with Love?
Ada Apa Dengan Cinta? – What’s Up with Love? Production Company : Miles Productions Year of … Continue reading 2001. Ada Apa Dengan Cinta? – What’s Up with Love?
1996. The Unknown Bard – Achin Pakhi
The Unknown Bard – Achin Pakhi Script and Direction : Tanvir Mokammel Camera : Anwar Hossain Sound : … Continue reading 1996. The Unknown Bard – Achin Pakhi
1994. Muen and Rid – Amdaeng Muen Kab Nai Rid
Muen and Rid – Amdaeng Muen Kab Nai Rid Director: Cherd SongsriProduction Company: Five Star Productions/Cherdchai … Continue reading 1994. Muen and Rid – Amdaeng Muen Kab Nai Rid
1992. The Sorceress of Dirah – Dongeng Dari Dirah
The Sorceress of Dirah – Dongeng Dari Dirah Director : Sardono W. Kusuma (with Robert Chappell) … Continue reading 1992. The Sorceress of Dirah – Dongeng Dari Dirah
1990. My Sky, My Home – Langitku Rumahku
My Sky, My Home – Langitku Rumahku Director : Slamet Rahardjo Djarot Production Company : Ekapraya Film … Continue reading 1990. My Sky, My Home – Langitku Rumahku
1990. Kantata Takwa (Cantata of Devotion)
Kantata Takwa (Cantata of Devotion) Production Company : PT Ekapraya Tatacipta Film Year of Production : … Continue reading 1990. Kantata Takwa (Cantata of Devotion)
1988. Tjoet Nja Dhien
Director : Eros Djarot Production Company : Kanta Indah Film Screenplay : Eros Djarot Cinematography : George Kamarullah Editing : … Continue reading 1988. Tjoet Nja Dhien
1986. Ibunda – Mother
Ibunda – Mother Directed by Teguh Karya Indonesian Title Ibunda English title Mother Producer Sudwikatmono, R. Sunarso Year of … Continue reading 1986. Ibunda – Mother
1985. Butterflies and Flowers – Peesua lair Dokmai
Director:Euthana MukdasnitProduction Company: Five Star Productions, BangkokYear of Production:1985Screenplay:Euthana Mukdasnit, based on the book … Continue reading 1985. Butterflies and Flowers – Peesua lair Dokmai