New Double Master Degree with Kobe City University of Foreign Studies, Japan

Monash University and Kobe City University of Foreign Studies are pleased to announce a new double master in Interpreting and Translation studies.

The course will start in 2015. It will provide training for future translators and interpreters working in the English-Japanese pair, and will be taught by academics and professional translators and interpreters from both institutions. Students will also undertake practical training with industry partners, providing them with key contacts and excellent opportunities for their future career. Selected students will spend the first year of study in Australia, followed by a year in Japan. In Australia, they will complete theoretical and practical units on interpreting and translation and participate in a 160-hour internship program. In Japan, they will complete units from either a conference interpreting or media interpreting stream as well as further translation units. On completion of both programs students will be awarded two distinct Master’s degrees.

For further information on the double master Monash University-Kobe City University of Foreign Studies, please contact (Translation and Interpreting Studies) or (Japanese Studies).

For more information on Monash double master degrees in T&I, please click here

Further information

Talking so they listen: How the commercial world uses semiotics

WHEN: Friday 2 May, 2:00-4:30 pm (followed by drinks 4:30-5:30 pm)

WHERE: Level 8, Building H, Caulfield Campus

  • Researchers: explore commercial applications for research in linguistics, cultural studies and related fields
  • Students: find out how you can use your degree in the world of branding and marketing, and try out your own ideas in hands-on workshop
  • Connect with like-minded colleagues and employers!

This seminar and workshop is led by The Lab, a research and strategy agency that helps shape the stories of Australia’s leading brands, from Australia Post, to Bird’s Eye, to The Age.

The Lab’s work involves building powerful stories using a range of tools, including cultural analysis grounded in academic methods. This event will focus primarily on the emergent field of Commercial Semiotics, which seeks to turn semiotic method into easily digestible stories that brands can use to break new ground in our cultural narrative. Featuring seminar and interactive workshop components, the event will provide an opportunity to share knowledge about how semiotics work across academia and business to help shape the stories of Australian culture.

This event is free of charge and all are welcome to attend, but places are limited. 

Please register your interest here by Thursday 24 April.

Further information

Japan, Australia and the global context: Connections across languages and societies A Symposium in honour of Helen Marriott

helens-farewellOn Saturday 15th March the Japanese Studies Centre at Monash University held a one-day Symposium on the theme of Japan, Australia and the global context: Connections across languages and societies.  The Symposium marked the retirement of Associate Professor Helen Marriott, who has been a key figure at Monash since 1988, and before that headed the Japanese Program at Swinburne.  Helen was a foundation member of the Japanese Studies Centre, serving as its Director in 1983-84, but her association with Monash goes back to her student days. She commenced studying Japanese in 1968, the second year it was offered, going on to complete an Honours degree, Dip Ed, Masters of Education, Master of Arts and PhD at Monash. 

Helen has been an influential and hard-working member of both the Japanese studies and Applied linguistics communities in Australia, serving as President of the JSAA from 1987-89, and Vice-President of ALAA 2002-2004, amongst many other positions of leadership and service over more than 40 years.  In addition to her own research, one of her greatest contributions to the academic community has been in the supervision of many postgraduate students, now scattered around the globe.  She is fondly remembered by all for her strong academic guidance and warm personal support, and it was that that inspired her colleagues to organise a symposium celebrating the themes of her own research and those of her students and colleagues.

The nine presentations covered a broad range of topics. Several papers related to the teaching of English in Japan and its engagement with Asia in a globalized era.  A second broad focus was on Japanese language learners in Australia, from the training of Australian army personnel during WWII to the L2 identities and motivations of Heritage speakers and multilingual students, and language use during study abroad.  Four of the presenters had travelled from Japan for the Symposium, and one from interstate.  They included two former and two present colleagues, six former students, now employed at Universities in Australia and Japan, and two current Monash PhD students. The audience of over 40 people included interstate colleagues and many former and current students and associates of Helen during her long career, while many more well-wishers sent their greetings from around the world.

We hope that Helen will enjoy her well-deserved retirement, satisfied in the knowledge that, as the Symposium demonstrated, she leaves behind a vibrant and living legacy, spread across several continents and countries.  However, we don’t expect her to slow down, as she directs her well-known energy and enthusiasm towards her ‘second career’ as a Clivia expert and breeder, as well as various forms of community engagement. She will retain her association with Monash as an Adjunct Associate Professor.

Robyn Spence-Brown

Further information

Our Research

We are a diverse and flourishing multi-lingual community of academics across the School’s disciplines: Chinese Studies, English as an International Language, French Studies, German Studies, Italian Studies, Indonesian Studies, Japanese Studies, Korean Studies, Linguistics, Literary Studies & Creative Writing, Spanish and Latin American Studies, Translation & Interpretation Studies, and Ukrainian Studies.

Our research strengths and interests cover several traditional disciplines, such as Linguistics and History, but a hallmark of our research profile is its interdisciplinary nature, combining traditional disciplines with deep knowledge regarding all aspects of the target culture or literary tradition. Our publications are spread across a wide variety of engaging topics and are featured in national and international outlets in a variety of languages, giving our intellectual impact a global reach.

Each year, we offer a dynamic program of conferences, seminars, workshops and other research events. We host many visiting scholars and our School is home to a thriving graduate research community.

Please don’t hesitate to contact us if you wish to explore possibilities of research collaboration or to apply for further studies in our School.

Contact the Research Coordinator
Professor Carolyn Stevens

Find out more:
Centres and Groups
Research Projects
Journals and Series
Visiting Scholars

Further information

  • LLCL Members in the Media

    Professor Marko Pavylyshyn, Ukrainian Studies, gives expert analysis on the evolving political situation in Ukraine:…

  • Research Focus: Narrative

    In LLCL we are proud to collaborate with industry, NGOs and partner universities in producing…

  • ARC Linkage Grants

    Connecting younger second language learners and older bilinguals: Intergenerational, intercultural encounters and second language development…

  • ARC Discovery Grants

    The Cultural Model of Ageing in Australian English Prof Kate Burridge, Prof Farzad Sharifian, Prof Keith Allan,…

  • Other Grants

    “Transnationalizing Modern Languages: Mobility, Identity and Translation in Modern Italian Cultures” Monash University will be…

  • Monash University Linguistics Papers

    A refereed journal for new research investigating language-related issues. See the Linguistics Program Website.

Graduate Studies

The School of Languages, Literatures, Cultures and Linguistics offers a wide range of research and coursework programs. Some are offered within particular programs of the School while others are available across programs.

Coursework and Research degrees are categorised separately by the university.

Coursework degrees

The School offers coursework programs for graduates looking to improve their skills in two specific areas:

  • Interpreting and Translation Studies provides courses to develop students’ skills in translation/interpreting in English and another language, and their awareness of practical and theoretical approaches to translation/interpreting and translation/interpreting studies.
  • Courses in Applied linguistics give students a critical understanding of theoretical and practical issues relating to applied linguistics, including training in research in the field and equip students with skills to make a significant professional contribution to the field of applied linguistics.

More Information

Research degrees

The School offers research degree programs at both Masters and PhD level, allowing students the opportunity to work under the supervision of outstanding researchers in many disciplines and to participate in a stimulating research community.

The School also offers two joint PhD programs with international partners: Freie Universität Berlin/Free University of Berlin and Università di Bologna/Bologna University, and a PhD program in Translation Studies.

More Information:

Specific Program Information

Specific Program Information can be found at the following Program sites:

Further information

  • Library facilities

    The Asian Studies Research Library (ASRL) is a specialist research collection holding a large collection of material in Chinese, Korean, Indonesian, Malay, Thai, Vietnamese and an extensive…

  • Study opportunities overseas

    The School has a number of exchange programs with universities and research institutions in China,…

  • Grants for LCL research candidates and HDR support

    Outline of the grants and support available to Higher Degree by Research (HDR) students in the School of Languages, Cultures & Linguistics, and HDR Support services.

  • Graduate studies research reporting day

    What are Research Reporting Days? Each year the School holds a Research Reporting Day, at which students are asked to speak briefly to their research in a public forum.

  • Comments from coursework students: postgraduate/graduate

    Comments from some of our postgraduate students: Sarah Pasfield-Neofitou, Mari Morofushi, Chris Burgess, Tomiko Kato, Sachiko Yasuda, Satoko Thomas, Hitoshi Mabuchi, Helen Tse, Sanae Enomoto, Itsuko Tanaka

Future Students

At the School of Languages, Literatures, Cultures and Linguistics, we teach a variety of languages, literary texts and cultures, and we conduct research into the authors, writings and societies that use these languages and literary forms and are shaped by them. Students who study with us acquire and develop a range of skills – speaking, listening and understanding, reading and writing other languages, as well as English literary criticism, scholarship and creative writing. But our students receive much more than that. They gain access to the worlds of culture, new languages and new writings.

There are more than 6800 languages in the world today. At Monash University we teach twelve of them: four Asian (Chinese, Indonesian, Japanese and Korean), seven European (Catalan, French, German, Italian, Modern Greek, Spanish and Ukrainian) as well as English as an International Language. We also offer courses and a major in Literary Studies (taught in English) with streams in Literatures in English, Creative Writing, and International Literatures.

Our students receive an opportunity to participate, with their teachers, in the pursuit of knowledge about particular languages, literatures and cultures, and about linguistics, literature and culture in general.

Areas of Study

The School of Languages, Literatures, Cultures and Linguistics offers undergraduate study opportunities in the following areas of study:

Further information

  • Why Study Languages at Monash?

    In one of its documents the United Nations makes the statement that “genuine multilingualism promotes…

  • LCL eEducation

    The School of Languages, Literatures, Cultures and Linguistics eEducation Committee aims to provide a showcase…

  • Language Students Continue to Excel

    German Students Succeed in 2010 DAAD Scholarship Round The German Studies Program is delighted to…

  • Graduate Profiles

    Sacha Cody Area of Study: Chinese It’s now 10 years since Sacha’s first Chinese class…

Monash Japanese Studies students receive New Colombo Plan grants



All eight students leaving for Japan to start student exchange programs this April will receive grants of $6,000 New Colombo Plan Mobility Programs scheme. This is the pilot phase of the New Colombo Plan, for which the Australian Government announced $100 million of new funding over five years. The pilot phase takes place in 2014, involving Japan, Hong Kong, Indonesia and Singapore, will include both further Mobility Program grants for short-term study of up to one semester, and a limited number of major scholarships for study undertaken over a full semester or year. Monash University will be applying for funding for both student exchange and short-term international study programs to the destination countries in subsequent rounds of the pilot phase, and in 2015 and beyond. The recipients of the Mobility Program funding under this first pilot round and their host universities are: Shojeeb Alam and Mark Watson (Hitotsubashi University), Stephanie Kwok and Stephanie Luo (Nagoya University), Charleen Lay and Arno Xu (Saitama University), Jackson Thomas (Meijigakuin University) and Taylah Hardy (Seikei University).

 Further information on the New Colombo Plan is available from:

Further information

LLCL Members in the Media

  • Emeritus Professor Jiri Vaclav Neustupný has been conferred the prestigious Order of the Rising Sun by the Emperor of Japan, Emperor Akihito. See the full story here.




Further information

Japan, Australia and the global context: Connections across languages and societies

A Symposium in honour of Helen Marriott

Presented by the Japanese Studies Centre and the Language and Society Centre

15th March, 2014
11:00 a.m. – 5:30pm

(including lunch and afternoon tea)

Japanese Studies Centre Auditorium G17
Building 54, Monash University Clayton Campus

followed by:
Dinner from 6:00pm

Samsara Restaurant
5-7 Centreway, Pinewood
Mount Waverley

Banquet menu of Middle Eastern delicacies. Cost: $60 +drinks.
Payment will be required on the day.

Places limited and prior registration essential!

This one-day symposium marks the retirement of Associated Professor Helen Marriott from Monash University, and, reflecting the themes of her own work and that of her many students and colleagues, will address issues of language, society, and culture, across Japan, Australia and the wider global context.

Please register online at:

Download the Symposium program (Word)

For further information, contact the organising committee:

Robyn Spence-Brown:
Naomi Kurata:
Sarah Pasfield-Neofitou:

Further information

Centre for Australian and Postcolonial Writing

redirecting to

Further information

International Internship Agreement between Translation and Interpreting Studies and the SPC


Monash Translation and Interpreting Studies is delighted to announce they have just signed a MoU with the SPC, The Secretariat of the Pacific Community, which will give students of the MITS the possibility to undertake an international internship.

The SPC, based in Noumea, New Caledonia, is an international organisation founded in 1947 that works in public health, geoscience, agriculture, forestry, water resources, disaster management, fisheries, education, statistics, transport, energy, human rights, gender, youth and culture to help Pacific Island people achieve sustainable development.

As the official working languages of the organisation are English and French, the internship will provide Monash Translation and Interpreting students, working in the French-English pair, with the opportunity to work with the SPC’s in-house translators and conference interpreters and gain a unique experience of the work of an international body involved in regional aid.

Further information

Agreement between Translation and Interpreting Studies and The Melbourne French Theatre

The T&I Studies Program and the Melbourne French Theatre have just signed a student placement agreement which will provide French-English translator trainees with the opportunity to develop their skills in the field of Theatre Translation, and in particular in Surtitling.

MFT is one of the rare companies to stage plays in French and to use surtitles in English. Surtitles are generally used for opera and plays performed in a foreign language. Surtitling in the theatre is surely not an everyday phenomenon. The translation exercice is different to other types of translations and its complexity makes it an extremely interesting field of research and practice.

The MFT, founded in 1977, is a non-profit incorporated association under the patronage of the French Ambassador to Australia. It presents two plays a year and tours schools across Victoria, aiming at cross-fertilising Australian and French-speaking cultures through theatre.


Further information

Research in Spanish and Latin American Studies

Staff in Spanish and Latin American Studies conduct research on topics related to the cultural production of (and about) Spain, the Spanish-speaking countries of Latin America and Brazil. Special prominence is given to research on Brazil, Catalonia, and Cuba.

Our research focuses on 20th and 21st Century cultural production, with a strong emphasis on the following four areas: Identities (including race and gender identity, and nationalism); historical memory; tradition and modernity; and multiculturalism. Our innovative research connects Spanish and Latin American Studies to the important debates and issues in the Humanities and Social Sciences globally.

Research carried out by staff in Spanish and Latin American Studies contributes to the Faculty of Arts Priority area “Understanding Cultures”. For more information, see staff pages at

Further information

Research in Italian Studies

Italian Studies offers the possibility to further your study at Honours and postgraduate levels. The research strength and supervision areas of the Italian Studies staff are: modern and contemporary literature, cinema and theatre, gender and feminist theories, translation studies, transcultural studies, and women writers. If you intend to work on a project that encompasses Italian Studies and another discipline, we will organize the necessary complement research expertise to meet your supervision needs. We welcome inquiries from all students who want to discuss possible Honours or HDR supervision. For more information on specialist areas of each member of staff, please consult individual staff web pages at

Further information

Research in Japanese Studies

japanese_iconJapanese Studies accepts Honours theses in areas of Japanese literature, film, politics, linguistics and applied linguistics, anthropology, history, sociology, and translation studies. The research strengths of academic staff in Japanese Studies focus on interdisciplinary studies of Japanese culture and society both past and present. Transnational studies of Japanese culture in Asian and other cross-cultural contexts are also welcome.

 For more specific specialisations, please see individual staff webpages at link here. We welcome inquiries from students both within and outside Monash who want to discuss possible Honours and/or HDR supervision.

 Manga-Exhibition-Poster                                            LCL_Japanese-web


Further information

Research in French Studies

French Studies accepts Honours theses in areas of French literature, film, politics, linguistics and applied linguistics, language pedagogy and philosophy. The research strengths of French colleagues cluster around the politics, literature, film and philosophy of twentieth and twenty-first century France, and issues related to the pedagogy of French as a foreign language. For more specific specialisations, please see individual staff webpages at We welcome inquiries from students both within and outside Monash who want to discuss possible Honours and/or HDR supervision.


Further information

Visiting Scholars 2014


Chris Kraus – photo credit: John Kelsey.

In June and July 2014, the Literary Studies program will be hosting novelist, publisher and art critic Chris Kraus as a Visiting Scholar. Kraus is co-editor of the influential press Semiotexte, publishers of “theory, fiction, madness, economics, satire, sexuality, science fiction, activism and confession”. Kraus’s novels include I Love Dick (1997), Torpor (2006), and Summer of Hate (2012) and she has published two collections of art criticism: Video Green (2004) and Where Art Belongs (2012). In 2008, Kraus received the Frank Jewett Mather Award for Art Criticism from the College Art Association.

 While at Monash, Kraus will present a keynote at the Contemporary Women’s Writing Association conference, a writing workshop for students enrolled in the Literary and Cultural Studies and Curatorial Practice PhD programs, and present a seminar on her work as feminist novelist.

 Enquiries about Chris Kraus’s visit can be directed to Dr Anna Poletti (, in the Literary Studies program.

Further information

Crosscurrents book series

EUPDr Christopher Watkin in the French programme at Monash serves as the series editor of Crosscurrents, an international monograph series with Edinburgh University Press. The series provides an exceptional site for bold, original and opinion-changing monographs that actively engage European thought in this fundamentally cross-disciplinary manner, riding existing crosscurrents and creating new ones. Each monograph in the series explores the different ways in which European thought develops through its engagement with disciplines across the arts, humanities, social sciences and sciences, recognising that the community of scholars working with this thought is itself spread across diverse faculties. The object of the series is therefore nothing less than to examine and carry forward the unique legacy of European thought as an inherently and irreducibly cross-disciplinary enterprise. For a fuller description, please see the Series Editor’s Preface.

If you are interested in submitting a book proposal to Crosscurrents, please see the Instructions for Authors here.

Further information

  • Japanese Studies

    The School affiliated research centre, the Japanese Studies Centre, is the editorial home of the Routledge published…

  • Australian Journal of French Studies (AJFS

    The Australian Journal of French Studies is an international, peer reviewed journal devoted to French literature

  • Colloquy

    Colloquy is a peer-reviewed online journal published biannually by postgraduate students in the School of Languages, Literatures, Cultures and Linguistics at Monash University.


    Australian Yearbook of German Literary and Cultural Studies / Australisches Jahrbuch für germanistische Literatur- und Kulturwissenschaft

  • Spunti e Ricerche

    Spunti e ricerche is an academic journal based in Melbourne founded in 1985 and with a…

  • “Transpositionen”

    Australische Studien zur deutschen Literatur, Philosophie und Kultur / “Transpositions”: Australian Studies in German Literature,…

Japanese Studies

cjst20.v033.i03.coverThe School affiliated research centre, the Japanese Studies Centre, is the editorial home of the Routledge published journal, Japanese Studies. Professor Carolyn Stevens leads an interuniversity team of area editors to produce the fully refereed interdisciplinary journal of the JSAA (Japanese Studies Association of Australia) which publishes scholarly articles on various aspects of Japan, as well as book and film reviews. In addition to general non-thematic editions, the journal regularly publishes guest-edited thematic issues on such themes as postwar politics, environmental issues, literature, citizenship, the legal system, modern technology, management, Japanese language teacher education, and popular culture. These thematic issues are particularly valuable for university teachers and students who use up-to-date studies of Japan contained in the journal to supplement course readings. Contributions are invited from scholars around the world. Ideas expressed by the authors are their own and do not necessarily reflect the views of the editor, the Association, the Editorial Advisory Board, the JSC or the University.

If you are interested in submitting an article to the journal, please see the Instructions for Authors here

Further information

  • Crosscurrents book series

    Dr Christopher Watkin in the French programme at Monash serves as the series editor of…

  • Australian Journal of French Studies (AJFS

    The Australian Journal of French Studies is an international, peer reviewed journal devoted to French literature

  • Colloquy

    Colloquy is a peer-reviewed online journal published biannually by postgraduate students in the School of Languages, Literatures, Cultures and Linguistics at Monash University.


    Australian Yearbook of German Literary and Cultural Studies / Australisches Jahrbuch für germanistische Literatur- und Kulturwissenschaft

  • Spunti e Ricerche

    Spunti e ricerche is an academic journal based in Melbourne founded in 1985 and with a…

  • “Transpositionen”

    Australische Studien zur deutschen Literatur, Philosophie und Kultur / “Transpositions”: Australian Studies in German Literature,…

Guidelines for writing the Honours dissertation

This information will help you approach writing your LLCL Honours thesis.



The supervisor is required to meet regularly with the Honours candidate, or to ensure that the candidate is adequately supervised (by email, telephone or an in-country supervisor) when he or she is studying overseas.



The Students should be aware of the Honours Thesis Progress Report which is to be completed midway through their candidature. Satisfactory progress in the thesis project is required in order to complete Part A of the thesis. A student cannot proceed to Part B of their candidature without satisfactory progress being achieved in Part A. Area honours coordinators can provide more detail about the assessment of ‘Satisfactory Progress’ for students. Honours interim progress reports should be submitted after 5 months in the case of a 24-point dissertation (F/T) taken over 12 months. Any problems regarding the process of supervision should be addressed. The report is to be discussed with and signed by the student.


Honours Dissertation 

A 24-point Honours thesis will be 15,000-18,000 words in length (excluding prefaces and appendices, but including footnotes or endnotes).

 The thesis may be written in English or in the target language. If the thesis is written in the target language, the abstract should be written in English.

Students writing the thesis in the target language should also discuss with their supervisor whether to reference in the target language or in English.


A dissertation should contain the following:

  • title page
  • student declaration
  • abstract (short summary of the dissertation preceding the main text)
  • possibly a preface which may provide background information helpful to a reading of the dissertation
  • acknowledgements
  • table of contents
  • list of tables and figures as relevant
  • proper and consistent citation (either the in-text system or the footnote system of referencing may be used. As these conventions differ slightly from discipline to discipline, it is advisable to discuss the matter with the supervisor.)
  • bibliography or list of references
  • one or more appendices as necessary


Normally, the dissertation will address the following points:



Listing primary materials and acknowledgement of existing research through careful citations and appropriately extensive listing of references or bibliography at the end of the dissertation.


Problem Definition and Methodology

Statement of the research problem, the aims of the dissertation and the significance of the research. Discussion of theoretical positions that throw light on the research problem. Explanation of the methodology used. Explanation of choice of samples or materials.


Analysis and Argumentation 

Analysis of the samples or materials assembled to address the research problem. Implications of the analysis and relation to research problem. Logic of argument. New directions suggested for future research on the issues. Questions of adjustment of methodology.


The dissertation must meet the standards of academic writing:

 Overall Structure of the Dissertation and the Quality of Prose

Articulation and progression of major units or chapters. Maintenance of overall theme or point that gives research coherence and significance. Clarity, precision and economy of style. Accuracy and appropriateness of language used.


Overall presentation of thesis. Presentation of title page. Pagination, layout, margins, typographical perfections, appropriate citation style, use of headings, etc.


Please note: If a student fails the thesis component, they will be deemed to have failed the entire Honours program and will be ineligible to graduate from the Honours degree.



The Honours Dissertation shall be due by 4.30pm on the Friday of week 12 in the relevant semester. It should be delivered during office hours, in the relevant number of copies, to the School Administrative Office.


Submission of an Honours Dissertation

Three copies of the thesis should be submitted on the due date to the School’s administrative officer in charge of Honours (4 copies are required from students doing combined Honours). One copy of the thesis should be submitted in a 2-ring black folder, and 2 copies are to be bound. Students are also encouraged to submit a copy of their dissertation on CD ROM in PDF format.

Students seeking for further extension to the submission date of the Honours thesis, must apply for special consideration BEFORE the submission date, following the Faculty of Arts special consideration procedures:

A complete version is to be submitted to the Honours supervisor well before the due date to allow for comments and revisions. We recommend allowing at least two weeks for this process.


Examination of the Honours Dissertation 

  • Each dissertation shall be examined by two examiners. 
  • The appointment of examiners shall be the responsibility of the Honours Committee, following nomination on the appropriate form by the Program Honours Coordinator of the relevant discipline in consultation with the supervisor. Prior to submission of the form, either the supervisor or the Program Honours Coordinator shall informally contact the examiners and ascertain their willingness to act in this capacity 
  • In most cases, both examiners will be appointed from within the School. Depending on the thesis topic, it is, where necessary, possible to appoint external examiners from other Monash Schools and Faculties or from other universities. In the case of Combined Honours, an examiner from each discipline will be appointed. 
  • Following the appointment of examiners, the Executive Officer of the Honours Committee shall contact the examiners and provide such information as the Honours Committee shall from time to time prescribe. 
  • Where an examiner subsequently, for any reason, cannot complete the examination process, the Convenor of the Honours Committee following consultation with the Honours Coordinator of the relevant disciplinary area shall invite another examiner to act. 
  • Examiners’ reports and grades should be returned to the administrative officer in charge of Honours, who will collate them. 
  • In the case of a discrepancy between the grades awarded by the two examiners, the relevant Arts Faculty policies will be followed. 
  • All final marks must be approved by the Program, and then the School Honours Committee.


Marking System

The examiners will be asked to consider a range of issues relevant to the particular thesis being examined, which may include documentation, issue/problem, definitions and methodology, analysis and argumentation, overall structure and the quality of the prose and style.


Assessment of theses written in English will normally include a consideration of the following criteria:

  • Referencing and Citation
  • Problem Definitions and Methodology
  • Analysis and Argumentation
  • Overall Structure and the Quality of the Prose
  • Style

Assessment of theses written in the target language will normally include a consideration of the same criteria, with a greater weight given to the overall structure and quality of the prose.


Grading System

80-100 H1 (High Distinction)
70-79 H2A (Distinction)
60-69 H2B (Credit)
50-59 H3 (Pass)



Examiners will be guided by the following descriptors:


H1 (80-100)

The award of an H1 indicates that the student is capable of progressing directly to a PhD.


95 plus             Truly exceptional

Truly exceptional achievement equivalent to the best scholarship in the academic field. Material publishable with revisions. Exhibits rare interpretive and analytic insight.

90-94               Exceptional

Outstanding. Makes a significant contribution to knowledge. Exceptional in grasp of current methodology. Exhibits great interpretive subtlety. Extremely well written.


85-89               Outstanding

Outstanding work of a quality well above average for the Honours H1 grade. Illustrates considerable independence in research. Makes a substantial contribution to knowledge. Strong grasp of critical and theoretical approaches to topic and of research methodology. Exhibits interpretive subtlety. Very well written.


80-84              Accomplished

Accomplished work which demonstrates capacity for originality and sound research potential. Demonstrated grasp of current critical and theoretical approaches to the topic and of sustained research methodology. Exhibits some interpretive subtlety and genuine research capacity reflected in the level of analytic insight. Well written.


H2A Very Good (70-79)

The thesis makes a contribution to the discipline. It is well written and argued on the whole and shows ability to draw perceptive conclusions and make a good evaluation of the subject. Some weaknesses or limitations are present to exclude the thesis from the excellent category. Examples of such weaknesses include flaws in argumentation, limited insights or intellectual evaluations, gaps in supporting evidence and inept of defective presentation. An H2A indicates that the student is capable of progressing to Postgraduate studies.                     


H2B Good (60-69)

The thesis presents adequate treatment of the topic. The work, however, reveals limitations in scope/ argumentation which exclude it from higher honours categories. In addition, or alternatively it may have flaws in such areas as documentation, quality of research or written presentation of such an order that the total result although adequate is not distinguished.


H3 Fair (50-59)           

The thesis shows flaws in treatment of topic, and lacks the qualities outlined in the above categories. Argumentation is limited and overall documentation, methodology, or quality of research is only fair, but nonetheless the thesis shows some attempt to carry out an initial research exercise.


N – Fail (below 50%)

The thesis is not sufficiently well-researched or written to meet the requirements of an Honours thesis. The quality of research may be inadequate, the basic argumentation unsound, and presentation unscholarly and too hard to follow.

Further information