Date(s) - 29/11/2013
12:00 pm - 1:00 pm
The Chinese and the former authoritarian regime of Chiang Kai-shek and Chiang Ching-kuo asserted that Taiwan was a part of China. Thus, for example, the 1993 Chinese White Paper on Taiwan said, “Taiwan has belonged to China since ancient times”. In fact, such statements have no historical basis. No permanent Han Chinese communities lived in Taiwan until after the arrival of Dutch colonialism in 1624. Rather, since the arrival of the Dutch, Taiwan has undergone rule by a succession of six colonial regimes: Dutch ( 1624-1662), Spanish (1626-1642, in northern Taiwan simultaneously with Dutch), the Zheng Chenggong family (1662-1683), the Manchus (1683-1895), the Japanese (1895-1945) and the Chinese Nationalist Party under Chiang Kai-shek and Chiang Ching-kuo (1945-1988). (A colonial regime is rule by outsiders for the benefit of the outsiders.) Only with democratization (1988-) have Taiwanese begun to rule themselves. Since democratisation, Taiwan identity and a separate Taiwan have come to the fore on the island.