Civilian concentration and administrative colonial internment in the Spanish and Portuguese empires, 1868-1975

Date/Time: Fri 01 Sep / 12:00 pm - 1:00 pm

Location: Monash University, Room E561, (Menzies Building) 20 Chancellors Walk, Clayton Campus

Philosophical, Historical and International Studies (SoPHIS)

Research Seminar

Civilian concentration and administrative colonial internment in the Spanish and Portuguese empires, 1868-1975

In this paper I will shed new light on the development of concentration camps in colonial warfare in the longue durée, from the 1860s until the 1970s. Introducing three examples of forced resettlement and administrative internment in the Spanish and Portuguese empires, the analysis emphasizes the interrelation between these cases and highlights possible transfers of knowledge, which have been neglected so far in comparative discussions. The first case study attempts to reassess the Cuban experience of concentrating the civilians in times of war (1868-98); the second aims to critical evaluate Spain’s forgotten concentration camps on the Canary Islands, which emerged during the Ifni-Sahara war of 1957-8. This suggests a further analytical distinction between forced removals in counter-guerrilla warfare and administrative internment as a related, but essentially different policy regarding its function. The third case study focuses on both th e theory of revolutionary warfare and the practice of so called strategic resettlement in the long and protracted Portuguese colonial wars in Africa (1961-74). Based on hitherto ignored archival material, the paper challenges common assumptions of “origins” and (artificial) temporal boundaries, such as 1945 as a watershed in (anti-)guerrilla warfare.

Andreas Stucki is currently a visiting scholar at the History Department of the University of Sydney. He is also a lecturer and an associate researcher at the Department of History of the University of Bern. From 2015 to 2016 he was a visiting scholar at the Department of Iberian and Latin American Cultures at Stanford University. Andreas is a specialist in Iberian and Caribbean history. He has published a monograph on the forced resettlement of civilians in the Cuban wars of independence (Hamburger Edition, 2012), which has recently been translated into Spanish (La Esfera de los Libros, 2017). Andreas’ publications include articles in journals such as the Journal of Imperial and Commonwealth History and the Journal of Spanish Cultural Studies as well as contributions to a number of edited collections. A recent piece on Spanish imperial rhetoric has appeared in a volume edited by Martin Thomas and Richard Toye, Rhetorics of Empire (Manchester Un iversity Press, 2017).

Friday 1st September 2017

12:00pm – 1:00pm

Level 5, East Wing, Menzies Building
20 Chancellors Walk
Clayton Campus

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