House 5 is located approximately 25m northeast of the East Church Complex. Excavation was undertaken in an attempt to further clarify the apparent 4th-century residential development of the central zone. As work on the other houses indicated that some of their occupants were Manichaean, it was also deemed important to ascertain whether or not the occupants of House 5 may have been.
The structure is preserved to second floor level and exhibits a stairwell. All the major rooms appear to have had barrel-vaulting as well as niches and plastering typical of the other houses examined in the area. An extensive excavation of some of the rooms to floor level was not possible however, as many of the supporting walls were found to be in a precarious state of preservation. Original lower floor levels in particular could not be accessed.
Very few texts and only a few Greek ostraka were found during the course of excavation. The artefacts unearthed comprised mainly of ceramics which, found throughout all of the deposits, proved to be of the 4th century CE in date. This occupation date is also supported by the find of 4 bronze coins within the earth floors of the room above the central western room that cover the period of Licinius to Julian (313-363 CE).
A series of mounds are visible due east of the house and appear to have much vitrified clay upon their surfaces. It is likely that this signals the activities of an industrial zone such as pottery manufacture.
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Houses 1, 2 and 3
Houses 1, 2 and 3 exhibit a combination of architectural features typical of domestic structures … Continue reading Houses 1, 2 and 3
House 4 is located due east of the main entrance into the outer enclosure of … Continue reading House 4
Little is known about the full extent of this structure as only preliminary work has … Continue reading Bath House
The East Church Complex
Large East Church This mud-brick structure was first examined during preliminary surveys of Dakhleh Oasis. … Continue reading The East Church Complex
This structure, designated as A/11, is located about 25m southeast of North Tomb 1 and … Continue reading Nymphaeum